When the Egyptian King, Cleopatra visited the Greek Islands in 14th century BC, she was fascinated by the beauty of the landscape and fell in love with the country of her birth, Crete. Egypt and its neighbouring countries are home to many of the archaeological wonders of human civilization. The ancient Egyptian pharaohs reigned for a period of more than six hundred years during which time they were responsible for the construction of the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Temple of Luxor, the Karnak Temple, the Valley of the Kings, the Tomb of Pharoahs and many other important monuments. There is much material evidence that supports the belief that the Egyptian pharaohs were responsible for building the colossal Pyramids of Giza, because written evidence has been found in the form of carvings, on the royal funerary stone, the funeral pyramids and on various tombstones found around the country.
Cleopatra was not satisfied with the rulers of her day and went to her native country of Nile to claim the throne of her father. She was succeeded by her son, the fifth Pharaoh, whom she raised to the throne herself. However, the Egyptian kings did not have any political power until the time of the New Kingdom period when they began to gain absolute power over all of the country. After the establishment of the First Temple of Luxor, according to biblical history, the Egyptian pharaohs were no longer in need of an institution of religion but only needed to ensure that their people kept their heritage intact by executing religious rituals. This explains why the pharaohs were able to build the very largest and most powerful temple ever known to man on the shores of the Red Sea.
The Egyptians of today can be recognized by their numerous gods, including the god of medicine, Anubis, known as the Eye of Horus, and the god of knowledge, Thoth, who is known as the Watcher of the Moon. A popular belief by egyptologists is that the Egyptian kings were the first true prophets as the true stories of ancient times were passed down from generation to generation by way of orally transmitted stories or myths. The Egyptian pharaohs were also responsible for writing the sacred texts of the Old Testament, which are considered the first books in the world. Today, in addition to the many priceless artifacts found in the ruins of the Old Kingdom of Egypt, tourists also visit the Valley of the Kings and other regions of Egypt which were occupied by the pharaohs.